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当前位置 :健康教育 / 【科普】流感又要来了,我们如何预防?

【科普】流感又要来了,我们如何预防?
2020年05月08日 09:56:29 发布


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本期专家:陈 洪

hanzu,mingedangyuan,fuzhurenyishi,千亿体育daerkefuzhuren,guizhoushengzhongxiyijieheerkefenhuiweiyuan,zunyishiyiliaoshigujishujiandingzhuanjiakuchengyuan。

1994nian6yuebiyeyuzunyiyixueyuanlinchuangyixuexi,congshierkegongzuo20yunian。xianhouzaisichuandaxuehuaxiyixueyuandierfushuyiyuan、hunanshengertongyiyuanxiaoerxiaohuaneikejishanghaiertongyixuezhongxinerkejinxiuxuexi。shanzhangxiaoerxiaohuaxitong、huxixitongjibingdezhenzhiyijiweizhonghuanerdejiuzhi,shulianzhangwoxiaoerweijingcaozuojishu。

liuganshiyouliuganbingduganranyinqideduirenleiweihaijiaoyanzhongdejixinghuxidaochuanranbing。anqihedanbaihejizhidanbaifenweisigexingbie:jiaxing(axing)liuganbingdu(h1n1、h3n2yaxingdeng)heyixing(bxing)liuganbingdumeiniankeyinqijijiexingliuxing、bingxing(cxing)liuganbingdujinchengsanfaganran,dingxing(dxing)liuganbingduzhuyaoganranzhu、niudengqieweifaxianrenleiganran。jiaxingliuganbingdugenjubingdubiaomiandexueningsuheshenjingansuanmeidedanbaijiegouhejiyintexing,kefenweiduozhongyaxing。muqian,faxiandehahenafenbieyou18ge(h1-18)he11ge(n1-11)yaxing。


一、得了流感有那些症状?


liuganyibanbiaoxianweijixingqibing、fare(bufenbinglikechuxiangaore,da39-40℃),banweihan、hanzhan、toutong、jirou、guanjiesuantong、jidufali、shiyujiantuidengquanshenzhengzhuang,changyouyantong、kesou,keyoubisai、liuti、xiongguhoubushi、yanmianchaohong,jiemoqingduchongxue,yekeyououtu、fuxiedengzhengzhuang。

qingzhengliuganchangyuputongganmaobiaoxianxiangsi,danqifarehequanshenzhengzhuanggengmingxian。

zhongzhengbinglikechuxianbingduxingfeiyan、jifaxijunxingfeiyan、jixinghuxijiongpozonghezheng、xiuke、mimanxingxueguanneiningxue、xinxueguanheshenjingxitongdengfeiwaibiaoxianjiduozhongbingfazheng。

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二、得了流感要怎么治疗?


qingzhengganranzhekezixingjujiageli,baochifangjiantongfeng。chongfenxiuxi,duoyinshui,yinshiyingdangyiyuxiaohuahefuyouyingyang。tongshimiqieguanchabingqingbianhua,yidanchuxianchixugaore、banyoujuliekesou、huxikunnan、shenzhigaibian、yanzhongoutuyufuxiedengzhongzhengqingxiang,yingjishijiuzhen。yunfu、ertong、laoren、feipangrenqunyijimanxingbinghuanzheganranliuganhougengrongyichanshengzhongzheng,yingdangjizaojiuzhen。

aositaweidengshenjingansuanmeiyizhijishiliugandeyouxiaozhiliaoyaowu,zaoqiyouqishifabing48xiaoshizhineiyingyongkangliuganbingduyaowunengxianzhujiangdiliuganzhongzhenghesiwangdefashenglv。kangbingduyaowuyingzaiyishengdezhidaoxiashiyong。


三、流感是通过什么途径传播的?


liuganhuanzheheyinxingganranzheshijijiexingliugandezhuyaochuanranyuan,zhuyaotongguoqihuxidaofenmiwudefeimochuanbo,yekeyitongguokouqiang、biqiang、yanjingdengnianmozhijiehuojianjiejiechuchuanbo。

changjianqianfuqiwei1-4tian(pingjun2tian),congqianfuqimodaofabingdejixingqidouyouchuanranxing。yibanganranzhezailinchuangzhengzhuangchuxianqian24-48xiaoshijikepaichubingdu,paiduliangzaiganranhou0.5-1tianxianzhuzengjia,zaifabinghou24xiaoshineidadaogaofeng。

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四、如何预防流感?


meinianjiezhongliuganyimiaoshiyufangliuganzuiyouxiaodeshouduan,keyixianzhujiangdijiezhongzhelihuanliuganhefashengyanzhongbingfazhengdefengxian。aositawei、zhaneimiwei、palamiweidengshenjingansuanmeiyizhijishijiaxingheyixingliugandeyouxiaozhiliaoyaowu,zaoqiyouqishifabing48 hzhineiyingyongkangliuganbingduyaowunengxianzhujiangdiliuganzhongzhenghesiwangdefashenglv。kangbingduyaowuyingzaiyishengdezhidaoxiashiyong。

ciwai,baochilianghaodegerendeweishengxiguanshiyufangliugandenghuxidaochuanranbingdezhongyaoshouduan,baokuo:1.qinxishou;2.zailiuganliuxingjijie,jinliangbimianqurenqunjujichangsuo;3.chuxianliuganzhengzhuanghou,kesou、dapentiyongzhijin、maojindengzhezhukoubiranhouxishou,jinliangbimianjiechumoyanjing、bihuokou。4.jiatingchengyuanchuxianliuganhuanzheshi,yaojinliangbimianxianghujiechu,youqishijiazhongyoulaorenyumanxingbinghuanzheshi。5.dangjiazhangdaiyouliuganzhengzhuangdehuanerquyiyuanjiuzhenshi,yingtongshizuohaohuanerjizishendefanghu(rudaikouzhao),bimianjiaochaganran。6.xuexiao、tuoyoujigoudengjitidanweizhongchuxianliuganyangbinglishi,huanzheyingjujiaxiuxi,jianshaojibingchuanbo。


五、儿童为何更容易感染流感?


xuexiao、youeryuanzuoweirenqunmijiquyu,changyouxueshengjitiganranliugandexianxiang,ertonggengrongyiganranliugandenghuxidaochuanranbing,yuanyinkenengyouyixiajigefangmian:

diyi,xuexiao、tuoyoujigouweijitichangsuo,ertongzaijitichangsuozhongjuji、jiechumiqie,yidanyouliuganbingli,henrongyijiudaozhijibingdechuanbo,chuxiangengduobingli;

dier,ertongziranganranliuganbingduhuoyimiaojiezhongshao,tineiyucunmianyiruo,duiliuganbingdudejiaochabaohuzuoyongjiaoruo;

disan,ertongzishenhuxidaojiaochengrenkenengmeineimefayujianquan,qiezishenmianyixitongchuyufayuzhuangtai,rongyishoudaoliugandenghuxidaobingdudeqinxibingchuxianzhengzhuang;

disi,ertongdegerenweishengxiguanyebutailianghao,bunengwanquanzuodaokesouzhezhukoubi、qinxishoudeng,zaochengjibingchuanbofengxianjiada。


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