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当前位置 :健康教育 / 【科普】世界唐氏综合症日——每一个妈妈都有可能生育“唐宝宝”

【科普】世界唐氏综合症日——每一个妈妈都有可能生育“唐宝宝”
2021年03月19日 10:05:00 发布

nizhidaoshenmeshitangshizonghezhengma?

nizhidaomeinianyouduoshaotangshizonghezhenghuanerchushengma?

nizhidaoyigetangshizonghezhenghuanerdejiangshenghuijiyigeputongjiatingdailaiduoshaofudanma?

2021nian3yue21ri,dishigeshijietangshizonghezhengri,womenjintianjiulailejieyixiatangshizonghezheng。

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01、什么是唐氏综合症?

        tangshizonghezhengzuizaojiaomengguzheng(mongolism)huozhemengguchidaizheng(mongolian idiocy),xianzaiyibanchengwei21-santizonghezheng,guoneiyouchengweixiantianyuxing,shizuichangjiandeyanzhongchushengquexianbingzhiyi。

        zhengchangqingkuangxia,renyou46tiao(ji23dui)ranseti,jiandanlaishuojiushizaifumuqizhongyifangshengzhixibaofenlieshi,benyinggaipingjunfenpeidaolianggexibaodeyiduiransetimeiyouanzhaojihuafenkai,daozhiyigexibaoduoyitiao,lingyigexibaoshaoyitiao。shaoyitiaoransetidewomenchengzhiweidanti,dantidetaierjibendouzairenshenzaoqiliuchan;erduoyitiaoransetijiushiwomensuoshuodesanti。qizhong21santi,jiushizanmenchangshuodetangshier。

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02、唐氏综合症的临床表现

       huanzhemianrongteshu,liangwaiyanjiaoshangqiao,biliangbianping,shetouchangwangwaishenchu,jiwulijitongguanshou,shencaiaixiao,tilidixia,jingzhuicuiruo。toubuzhangdujiaochangrenduan,bizi,yanjingzhijiandebufenjiaodi,yanjiaoshangtiao,shenshuangyanpi。shetoubijiaoda,bozicuzhuang。shoubijiaokuan,shouzhijiaoduan,muzhiheshizhizhijianjiangejiaoyuan,xiaozhiqueshaoyigeguanjie,xiangneiwanqu。shouzhangdehengxiangwenluzhiyouyitiao,zhiwenweigongzhuang。jiaozhidiyizhiyudierzhizhijianjiangeyebijiaoda。huanzhejuedaduoshuweiyanzhongzhinengzhangaibingbanyouduozhongzangqideyichang,ruxiantianxingxinzangbing、baixuebing、xiaohuadaojixingdeng。jutongjiransetiyichangzaixinshengerzhongdefashenglvwei5-6/1000,tangshizonghezhengyuewei1/750,juedaduoshubingrenshusuijifasheng,dansuimuqinnianlingdezengzhangqifashenglvsuizhishenggao,yibanmuqinnianling35suiyishang,gaihuanerdechushenglvkegaoda1/350。yishangtezhengbingfeiquanbuchuxianzaihuanzheshenshang,genjugerenchayi,yeyoushentitezhengshangbumingxiandelizi。

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03、如何在孕期进行唐氏综合症筛查?

       tangshizonghezhengdefengxianbujinzhenduiyiyouzheileijiazushihuozhegaolingchanfu,meiduijiankangdefuqizaiyunyumeiyitaihaizishidouyoushengyutangshizonghezhenghuoqitaransetijibinghuanerdefengxian,meiweiyunfudouyoukenengshengchu“tangshizonghezhengbaobao”。yinci,yunmamamendouyinggaijinxingzheiyixiliechangguiqiezhongyaodejiancha。

①zaoyunqichaoshengtaierjingxiangtoumingcenghoudu(nt)

taierjingbubantoumingzuzhihoudushizhitaierbeiceruanzuzhihepifuzhijiandehoudu,beirenweishishaichatangshizonghezhengtaierzuiyouxiaodezhibiao,yinwei“tangbaobao”duoyoujingburuanzuzhishuizhong,erzhengchangtaiermeiyouciyichangtizheng。

jianceshijian:yun11zhou-13zhou+6tian

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②tangshishaicha

 tangshishaichashitongguochouquyunfuxueqing,jiancemutixueqingzhongjiaxingtaierdanbai、rongmaocuxingxianjisuheyoulicisanchundengxueyezhibiaodenongdu,bingjieheyunfudeyuchanqi、nianling、tizhonghecaixueshideyunzhoudeng,jisuanshengchuxiantianquexiantaierdeweixianxishu。

 jianceshijian:yun15zhou--20zhou+6tian

③wuchuangchanqiandnajiance(nipt)

 wuchuangchanqiandnajiancejishujinxucaiquyunfujingmaixue,liyongxinyidaidnacexujishuduimutiwaizhouxuejiangzhongdeyoulidnapianduan(baohantaieryoulidna)jinxingcexu,bingjiangcexujieguojinxingshengwuxinxifenxi,keyicongzhongdedaotaierdeyichuanxinxi,congerjiancetaiershifouhuansandaransetijibing,shenzhikeyituozhandao100xiangransetiweiqueshi、weizhongfujiance。

ruguoshaichajieguoxianshitaierhuanransetijibingdefengxianbijiaogao,jiuyingjinyibujinxingjieruxingchanqianzhenduan——rongmaohuojian、yangmoqiangchuancihuoqixuejingmaichuanci。

 jianceshijian:yun12zhou--22zhou+6tian

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  千亿体育yixueyichuanyuchanqianzhenduankeyongyougaotongliangcexuyi、yingguangdingliangpcryi、ruyepcryi、quanzidongransetihexingfenxiyidengdaxingshebei,nengmanzuyunqimamaduitangshizonghezhengdeshaichajizhenduan,ciwaihaikeyitigongransetigaotongliangcexu、cnv-seq、waizhouxuejiyangshuixibaoransetihexingfenxidengjiancejishu。

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yufangtangshizonghezheng,womenyiqinuli:

●zuohaohunqianjiancha

●zuohaoyunqianjiancha

●zuohaochanqianshaicha

●zuohaoxiedaizheshaicha、zhenduan、chanqianzhenduan

●chushenghoudezaozhenduanzaozhiliaozaoganyu


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